RISK and HAZARD.
It is sometimes common to hear RISK and HAZARD used in the same context, when they are actually different.
RISK. The probability of an occurrence of an event that could cause harm.
HAZARD. The situation that can potentially cause injury, damage or loss.
Crossing the road or driving a car requires a risk assessment to be carried out.
The HAZARD is the Car, you are assessesing the situation in your head, for example how fast is the car travelling? How far away is it? Has the driver seen me? etc. This represents the PROBABILITY.
The RISK is you are going to get hit by the car. Can you cross the road without being struck? This represents the CONSEQUENCE.
Crossing the road requires looking left , looking right and left again. We are looking how far away the vehicle is , (The HAZARD) can it strike us?
We are assessing the RISK we are asking ourselves are we willing to cross the road there or move down to the pedestrian crossing, reducing the level of RISK to an acceptable level.
However, there is no absolute safety and the car can fail to stop for a number of reasons.
What is a RISK assessment? This is a formal document that indicates areas of possible RISK and how that RISK can be minimized to an acceptable level.
For Example remove the HAZARD.
Risk Assessments can be divided into 6 areas.
1. Identification of the RISKS and HAZARDS.
2. Assess the RISKS.
3. Minimise the risk or eliminate the hazard.
4. RISK Management and control.
5. Inform and instruct employees.
6. Monitor the arrangements.
Take a look at the picture
2. The RISKS.
3. Assess the RISKS.
4. List control Measures.
2 Fuel leaking.
3 Adverse weather.
4 Members of the public.
1. Getting hit by a car.
3. Extreme heat.
4. Members of the public getting injured.
1. Traffic control measures.
2. Call up the fire service.
3. Think about an exclusion zone..
4. Have police move on any non essential persons.